3 Degrees of an Ankle Sprain

Posted: December 26, 2018 By:

Amongst all foot and ankle injuries sprains are by far the most common. From children playing pickup basketball during recess, and professional athletes making quick lateral movements, to grown adults, sprinting to catch the train to work – ankle sprains can occur at any time, during the course of even the most normal daily events. And despite that all too common feel of a sprained ankle, they vary in degree, from person to person – and knowing the signs of each degree can help you find the proper treatment you need. As the top podiatrist Midtown Manhattan has to offer, Dr. Harvey Katz treats countless ankle sprains, on almost an every day basis. And when it comes to ankle sprain treatment Midtown patients have come to trust the team at Williams Street Podiatry for their dedication to patient care, as well as the time they put in to educate patients on specifics of their issues. Before we get into the specific degrees of ankle sprains, we will first touch on what actually occurs during a sprain.

Whether you are a professional athlete or an average person, any movement that suddenly twists the foot past the natural range of motion can cause an ankle sprain. Of course, the more flexible you are, the farther your range of motion will be. In many cases, even walking wrong can lead to an ankle sprain. And considering the amount of walking New Yorkers do, when it comes to ankle sprain treatment Midtown patients have some of the highest incident rates worldwide! Some specific causes of an ankle sprain are:

  • Jumping, running, or landing wrong on an uneven floor.
  • Slip and Fall
  • Tripping over an object or hole in the ground.
  • Running or falling down the stairs at a high speed.

When these types of incidents occur, there is little to no damage to the actual bones within the ankle. In actuality, it is the ligaments that surround the ankle that are damaged. Ligaments are designed as an essential part of controlling the movement of a bone, and when these ligaments move improperly, they become stretched out farther than they should, and this can often result in a full or partial tear. When it comes to ankle sprain treatment Midtown podiatrist Dr. Katz, will need to determine what type of damage has occurred as well as the severity. The two main types of ankle sprain are:

  • Inversion Sprain: The most common type of sprain. This occurs when the foot falls inwards – causing the outer ligaments to stretch out past the normal range of motion. Characterized by pain on the outside of the ankle.
  • Eversion Sprain: Occurs when the foot is twisted outwards, and the inner ligament stretches too far. Characterized by pain on the inner ankle.

As the foremost podiatrist Midtown has in practice, Dr. Katz treats a number of professional and amateur runners. For the most part these athletes perform workouts to increase the range of motion of their ankles in order to prevent injuries like this. Limiting the severity of when the ankle does sprain. When it comes to ankle sprain treatment Midtown runners are treated based on the severity of the sprain. The severity of an ankle sprain is measured in grades – Grade I, II, & III.

Grade I
This is when the ligaments are stretched out, past the normal range of motion, but are not torn. Characterized by symptoms including:

  • Moderate Pain
  • Light Swelling
  • Light Stiffness
  • Inability to Run or Job
  • Light Joint Instability

Grade II
The most common grade of ankle sprain, a grade II sprain occurs when the ligament is stretched and partially torn. Characterized by symptoms including:

  • Bruising
  • Significant Swelling
  • Moderate Pain
  • Loss of Motion & Trouble Walking

Grade III
Most severe sprain. The ligament is stretched and torn completely. Characterized by symptoms including:

  • Severe Pain
  • Severe Swelling
  • Inability to Walk
  • Loss of Motion in the Joint

Once you understand what grade ankle sprain you have, treatment will be far easier. For more information about foot and ankle issues or to schedule an appointment with the top podiatrist Midtown Manhattan has to offer, contact Dr. Harvey Katz today.